Day 1, July 7

VENUE Room 1.43 [Anfiteatro 1], Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra


Porotic skeletal lesions: Potential and problems in Paleopathology - Megan BRICKLEY



Erythropoiesis and skeletal lesions: A clinical perspective - Maria Letícia RIBEIRO

10h15 How porous lesions can further our understanding of infant and maternal health in Iron Age and Roman Britain - Rebecca PITT, Mary LEWIS
10h30 Cribra orbitalia, cribra cranii, and cribra femoralis: Frequencies and possible association with malaria in the 14th century’s ossuary from the deserted village of Geridu (Sardinia, Italy) * - Cinzia ROGGIO, Marco MILANESE
10h45 Two decades of searching for malaria in Asia-Pacific: What we’ve learnt (or rather unlearnt) when it comes to porosity - Melandri VLOK, Hallie BUCKLEY
11h00 Cribra orbitalia and age-specific mortality in Medieval and early Modern Aberdeen, Scotland - Jenna DITTMAR, Rebecca CROZIER, Marc OXENHAM
11h15 Coffee break
11h30 Young but exuberant: Proliferative periosteal reactions on perinates and infants from an 18th-19th century sample of Lisbon (Portugal) * - Marina LOURENÇO, Francisco CURATE, Eugénia CUNHA
11h45 Trying to get to the bottom of the hollow: Porous skeletal lesions and their potential for mapping rare bone diseases - Nivien SPEITH
12h00 The potential association between porous cranial lesions and cortical bone loss: A study on the Coimbra Identified Skeletal Collection - Francisco CURATE, Célia FREITAS, Ana Luísa SANTOS
P1 Hypertrophic porous lesions and endosteal skeletal alterations: A possible case of treponematosis in an infant from Prehistoric Brazil - Ana SOLARI, Anne Marie PESSIS, Gabriela MARTIN, Dany COUTINHO NOGUEIRA, Álvaro M. MONGE CALLEJA
P2 Systemic pathological condition in an infant from the Inca period (15th century CE) found in La Troya area (Fiambalá, Catamarca, Argentina): Infection, metabolic disease, and/or anemia? - Claudia ARANDA, Álvaro M. MONGE CALLEJA, Norma RATTO, Ana Luísa SANTOS, Douglas UBELAKER, Pablo RODRÍGUEZ, Leandro LUNA
P3 Possible β-Thalassemia major in an infant from 17th century Portuguese countryside (Flôr da Rosa, Crato) - Ana CURTO, Teresa FERNANDES, Célia LOPES, Álvaro M. MONGE CALLEJA
P4 Parasites infection in the past: Investigating possible association with porotic hyperostosis and cribra orbitalia - Federica DE LUCA, Jessica MONGILLO, Alba PASINI, Natascia RINALDO
P5 Signs of disease on a cremated child from the Roman city of Augusta Firma Astigi (Écija, Spain): Possibilities and limitations of a differential diagnosis - Filipa CORTESÃO SILVA, Ana Santa CRUZ MARTIN, Cristina CIVICO LOZANO
P6 Porous new bone formation in an uncommon place: A case of sphenoid sinusitis from late Roman Etruria (Tuscany, second half of the 3rd-4th century CE) * - Alessia BAREGGI, Giacomo TOCCO, Lisa ROSSELLI, Valentina GIUFFRA, Giulia RICCOMI
13h00 Lunch


Porotic phenomena in Paleopathology: A holistic view from Medicine -Manuel POLO-CERDÁ



A macroscopic assessment of porosity and new bone formation on the inferior pars basilaris: Normal growth or an indicator of scurvy? * - Jack EGGINGTON, Rebecca PITT, Claire M. HODSON

14h45 The non-adult endocranium: Exploring physiological and pathological new bone formation and porosity - Claire M. HODSON
15h00 Porous skeletal lesions in connection to metal pollution: Case studies from Spain and Sweden - Olalla LÓPEZ-COSTAS, Noemi ÁLVAREZ-FERNÁNDEZ, Elvira MANGAS-CARRASCO, Clara VEIGA-RILO, Anna KJELLSTRÖM
15h15 Nondestructive pXRF analysis of porous skeletal lesions: Interplay of sex, age, and cause of death * - Ricardo A.M.P. GOMES, Lídia CATARINO, Ana Luísa SANTOS
15h30 The contribution of bone collage stable isotope analysis in the study of cranial porotic lesions - Giorgia TULUMELLO, Giovanni MASTRONUZZI
15h45 Coffee break


Now and then: Porous cranial lesions in New Mexico - Lexi O’DONNELL



Visualising cribra orbitalia using modern imaging techniques - Jo BUCKBERRY, Ashim ALI, Michael HEBDA, Adrian EVANS, Tom SPARROW, Hannah KOON, Andrew WILSON

16h45 Cribra sunt e pluribus unum: 3D-µCT and thickness mapping confirms that more than one process can cause cribra orbitalia * - Fanny THEVENON, Bruno DUTAILLY, Olivier DUTOUR, Hélène COQUEUGNIOT
17h00 Quantifying the accuracy of anemia diagnosis using porous orbital lesions * - Brianne MORGAN, Rachel SCHATS, Isabelle RIBOT, Megan BRICKLEY
P7 Scurvy in Bolivia? A case study of a pre-Columbian child - Alice PALADIN, Amy ANDERSON, M. Linda SUTHERLAND, Jhimy BUTRÓN, Frank MAIXNER, Marco SAMADELLI, Guido VALVERDE, Albert ZINK
P8 Frequency of probable scurvy within adults from the outskirts of an early Modern (16th-19th century CE) Wrocław (Poland) * - Joanna WYSOCKA, Agata CIEŚLIK
P9 Porous skeletal lesions during the late Iron Age: Morphological and genetic study of a non-adult individual of the Staggered Turriform of Son Ferrer (Balearic Islands) * - Paloma SALVADOR, Xavier JORDANA, Jaume GARCÍA, Manuel CALVO, Silvia QUINTANA, Cristina SANTOS
P10 That´s just full of holes! Critical exploration of PSL phenotypes and their paleopathological significance: Two case studies from Neolithic Northern Germany - Emmanuele PETITI, Daria MOSER, Detlef JANTZEN, Florian KLIMSCHA, Katharina FUCHS


Day 2, July 8

VENUE Room 1.43 [Anfiteatro 1], Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra


Complex connections? The correlation and association of different porous skeletal lesions - Rachel SCHATS



Newborn bone porosity: A case study of infection in Iron Age (Vilars d’Arbeca, Spain) * - Carolina SANDOVAL-ÁVILA, Ani MARTIROSYAN, Daniel R. CUESTA-AGUIRRE, Xavier JORDANA, Dominika NOCIAROVÁ, Cristina SANTOS, Assumpció MALGOSA

09h45 Cranial porotic lesions in enslaved African individuals (Valle da Gafaria, Lagos, Portugal) - Diéssica SILVA, Maria Teresa FERREIRA, Sofia N. WASTERLAIN
10h00 Cranial porosity: Distribution and relationship between cribra cranii and cribra orbitalia across time in Italy - Simona MINOZZI, Giulia RICCOMI, Antonio FORNACIARI, Valentina GIUFFRA
10h15 Porous skeletal lesions in the riverside population (14th-19th century CE) of Sarilhos Grandes (Montijo, Portugal) - Bruno MAGALHÃES, Ricardo A.M.P. GOMES, Paula ALVES PEREIRA, Ricardo Miguel GODINHO, Roger LEE JESUS, Ana Luísa SANTOS
10h30 Porotic skeletal lesions of human remains from funerary unit (UF) 221 of the Santa Caterina convent site (1243-1836) in Barcelona * - Antony CEVALLOS, Carme RISSECH, Xavier TOMAS, Lluís LLOVERAS
10h45 Porous skeletal lesions in identified fetuses and infants: Analysis by type, age at death, sex, and cause of death - Álvaro M. MONGE CALLEJA, Ricardo A.M.P. GOMES, Ana Luísa SANTOS
11h00 Coffee break


Issues in the assessment of porotic hyperostosis and cribra orbitalia in human skeletal remains: The need for a standardized data collection procedure - Natascia RINALDO



Observer error: Another hole in the cribra evaluation * - Elvira MANGAS-CARRASCO, Ricardo A.M.P. GOMES, Ana Luísa SANTOS

12h00 Beneath the surface of eyebrows: Investigating the vermiculate pattern in Medieval central Italy - Giulia RICCOMI, Giacomo TOCCO, Alessia BAREGGI, Stefano CAMPANA, Valentina GIUFFRA
P11 Cribra orbitalia in a Portuguese late Neolithic population: The sample of Cova das Lapas - Ana Maria SILVA, Álvaro M. MONGE CALLEJA, Francisco CURATE
P12 Porous skeletal lesions in a pre-Hispanic non-adult individual from Santiago Del Estero, Northwest Argentina - Ailem PALADEA ROJO, Leandro LUNA, Claudia ARANDA, Olalla LÓPEZ-COSTAS
P13 Distinguishing cribra orbitalia from other lesion and pseudopathologies in Medieval populations from Silves, Southern Portugal * - Ana GONZÁLEZ-RUIZ, Maria José GONÇALVES, Ana Luísa SANTOS
P14 Porotic lesions in the osteological collection excavated from a Medieval cemetery in Grodek on the Bug River: An insight into the living conditions of the inhabitants of historical (12th–15th century CE) Chervens’ Towns - Agata CIEŚLIK, Joanna WYSOCKA
P15 Porous skeletal lesions in two young children from São Martinho church, Leiria, Central Portugal (13th-16th century CE) - Susana GARCIA, Carolina SANDOVAL-ÁVILA
P16 Measuring morbidity in skeletal material: Cribra cranii and cribra orbitalia on the Lisbon Identified Skeletal Collection (19th-20th century CE)* - Liliana MATIAS DE CARVALHO, Susana GARCIA, Sofia N. WASTERLAIN
12h55 Workshop instructions
13h00 Lunch
VENUE HANDS-ON WORKSHOP Room 1.39: Laboratory 1.2 (Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra).

Session 1

15h00 Session 2
15h45 Coffee break

Session 3

Room 1.43 [Anfiteatro 1], Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra


Plugging the holes: What we have learned here and a way forward - Jane BUIKSTRA

* Student prize entrant

Social Program

19h00 Sunset with Grupo de Fados e Guitarradas da Secção de Fado da Associação Académica de Coimbra (SF/AAC)
19h30 Dinner

Keynote speakers

Megan Brickley

Porotic Skeletal Lesions: Potential and Problems in Paleopathology

Megan Brickley holds a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in the Bioarchaeology of Human Disease in the Department of Anthropology, McMaster University, Canada. A world expert on past metabolic bone disease, she is lead author of both editions of the key text, The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease. Professor Brickley is best known for her work on vitamin D deficiency; she led the largest paleopathological investigation to date – over 3500 Roman skeletons. Her team developed a ground-breaking method for identifying dental changes indicative of vitamin D deficiency, opening the possibility of determining long-term trends in a condition still pertinent today. More recently, she has undertaken ground-breaking investigations of disease co-occurrence and anemia with work on the biological mechanisms involved in skeletal changes establishing a firm foundation for further reserach. The meeting will feature initial findings from her latest collaborative project on the diet-disease nexus in human health and disease.

Manuel Polo-Cerdá

Porotic phenomena in Paleopathology: a holistic view from Medicine

Short CV Medical doctor and forensic anthropologist. Associate Professor of Criminology (Catholic University of Valencia). Associate researcher of Grupo Paleolab.

Lexi O'Donnell

Now and then: Porous cranial lesions in New Mexico

Lexi O'Donnell is a biological anthropologist whose research focuses on how inequality and marginalization impact individual and population health. From 2019-2022 she held a Visiting Assistant Professor position in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Mississippi. In August 2022 she joined the faculty at the University of New Mexico. She received her B.A. in Anthropology with a focus on Archaeology from the University of Arizona in 2008. In 2016 she earned an M.S. in Evolutionary Anthropology from the University of New Mexico, and in 2019 she received her Ph.D. in Anthropology with a focus in Archaeology from the University of New Mexico. She has worked on projects focusing on the Southwest United States, Belize, Colombia, Mexico, and the American South. Much of her research has focused on the biological impacts of migrations and population movements in pre-Spanish contact New Mexico. Recently her research focuses on contemporary New Mexican children, to gain better understanding why porotic hyperostosis and cribra orbitalia form.

Rachel Schats

Complex connections? The correlation and association of different porous skeletal lesions

Since September 2018, Rachel is Assistant Professor in Human Osteoarchaeology in the Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University. She studied archaeology with a specialisation in osteoarchaeology at Leiden University and University College London. Her PhD research aimed at gaining a better understanding of the physical consequences of medieval developments, such as urbanisation and commercialisation, by comparing rural and urban skeletal populations on the basis of disease, activity and diet. Most recently, Rachel is studying the distribution and impact of malaria in the medieval Netherlands. As part of this research, she focuses on various porotic lesions in the skeleton to study if the prevalence is correlated with geographic location in the Netherlands. In addition, she has taken a more detailed approach to the study of porotic lesions using (micro) CT scanning, comparing the morphology of the lesions throughout the skeleton.

Natascia Rinaldo

Issues in the assessment of porotic hyperostosis and cribra orbitalia in human skeletal remains: the need for a standardized data collection procedure

She then pursued her doctoral degree in Biomedical Sciences and Biotechnology with a thesis in anthropometry at the University of Ferrara in 2017. She obtained a postdoctoral fellowship in the microbiology section at the University of Verona (Italy) and she completed a trainee period at the ancient DNA lab of the Centre of Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES) at the University of Oslo. She is currently a research fellow at Ferrara University. Her research interests include forensic anthropology, anthropometry, paleoparasitology, and archeological anthropology, with a particular focus on developing and standardizing new methodologies to be applied in the field of biological anthropology.

Jane E. Buikstra

Plugging the holes: what we have learned here and a way forward

Jane Buikstra (PhD U of Chicago, 1972), Regents’ Professor and Founding Director, Center for Bioarchaeological Research, Arizona State University, member, National Academy of Sciences & American Academy of Arts & Sciences. Past-president: American Association of Biological Anthropologists, American Anthropological Association, Paleopathology Association. President: Center for American Archeology. Awards: Pomerance Award, Scientific Contributions to Archaeology, Archaeological Institute of America; T. Dale Stewart Award, American Academy of Forensic Sciences; Charles R. Darwin Lifetime Achievement Award, AAPA; Eve Cockburn Award, PPA, Honorary DSc, Durham University; Lloyd Cotsen Prize for Lifetime Achievement in World Archaeology; University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Lucy Wharton Drexel Medal, Gorjanovic-Kramberger Medal in Anthropology, Croatian Society of Anthropology; Ales Hrdlicka Medal, Czech Anthropological Society, Lifetime Achievement Award, Shanghai Archaeological Forum; Midwest Archaeological Conference, Distinguished Career Award. Dr. Buikstra defined bioarchaeology (1977) as an international field that enriches archaeological knowledge of past peoples. Her research encompasses bioarchaeology, paleopathology, forensic anthropology and paleodemography, spanning North America, the west-central Andes, Mayan Mesoamerica, and the Mediterranean. She has published more than 20 books and 200 articles and has mentored more than 60 doctoral students and is currently investigating the evolutionary history of ancient tuberculosis in the Americas via archaeologically-recovered pathogen DNA, and is Project Director for the Phaleron Bioarchaeological Project in Athens, Greece.